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Colorectal Cancer: Warning Signs, Treatment, and Risks

Warning Signs of Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer occurs in the colon or rectum of the body. The colon is part of the large intestine and the rectum is the passageway connecting the colon and anus together.

This type of cancer is the third most common in the United States. So, understanding the warning signs of colorectal cancer is specifically important to early detection and proper diagnosis.

Symptoms include:

As with anything else, you know your body and you know if something doesn’t feel right. Colorectal cancer is very common in the elderly and risk factors increase with age. Getting regular colonoscopies or stool tests can aid in early diagnosis.

Risk Factors of Colorectal Cancer

There are several contributing factors that determine the likelihood of developing colorectal cancer. Some of these factors can be avoided with proper diet, exercise, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, but some factors are uncontrollable.

The leading risk factors of colorectal cancer include:

Treatment of Colorectal Cancer

The specific course of treatment for this type of colon cancer can vary based on each individual person and stage of diagnosis. Finding colon cancer at its earliest stage presents the best chance for a cure.

The three major options for the treatment of colorectal cancer are as follows:

  1. Surgery - If it is early-stage cancer or the cancer is very small, doctors may recommend a non-invasive surgery to remove the polyp. If colorectal cancer has progressed, more extensive surgical procedures may be required.
  2. Chemotherapy - Typically used as a supplement to surgery, chemotherapy can help to destroy any leftover cancer cells that may still be present in the body. It is also to help prevent the likelihood of recurrence.
  3. Radiation Therapy - X-ray radiation can sometimes be used to shrink large tumors prior to surgery. It can also help to relieve symptoms associated with colorectal cancer.

Help is Always Available with McGregor PACE

The PACE, Program for the All-Inclusive Care of the Elderly, program is a nursing home alternative that provides for the long-term medical, social and personal care needs of seniors.

If you or a loved one is suffering from symptoms of colorectal cancer, contact us today or call 216.791.3580 to learn more about how we can help.