Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior. The following medical conditions can lead to dementia:

When caring for a person with dementia, don’t take the person’s negative behavior personally and try to avoid situations that could cause feelings of anxiety in the person. Encourage physical activity during the day that can reduce wandering at night. Promote self-care by encouraging what the person can do; provide planned activities; and repeat activities that the person enjoys.